Should children bullied at school receive victims of crime compensation?

This issue arose in March 2010 when a Victorian Supreme Court judge overruled a decision made by the Victim’s of Crime Assistance Tribunal by enabling the bullying victim in this case to be provided with compensation. It was previously thought that the victim could not be compensated due to the fact that her attackers were…

Details

Violent Female Offenders

The female offender population has grown in recent times. A new Swiss study assessed the prevalence of female violent offending and examined possible socio-demographic and offense-related gender differences. The study found that female offenders were more likely to be married, less educated, to have suffered from adverse childhood experiences and to be in poor mental…

Details

Moral Injury & Traumatic Events

A recent article  proposes that certain experiences—specifically “perpetrating, failing to prevent, bearing witness to, or learning about acts that transgress deeply held moral beliefs and expectations”—create dissonance with an individual’s moral and ethical beliefs. A failure to resolve this dissonance can result in moral injury, a cascade of negative changes in beliefs about self and…

Details

Trauma Treatment & PTSD

Two well researched and common forms of trauma treatment are Prolonged Exposure(PE) & Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT). PE starts with education about common trauma reactions. Breathing retraining is then taught, which is a skill that helps the client relax and manage immediate distress. Exposure practice with real-world anxiety producing situations is then discussed and specific…

Details

Inpact of Sexual Violence Against Women

Women who have experienced sexual violence are: More likely than other women to engage in various types of high-risk health behaviors, including substance use and unsafe sexual behaviors. Often experience gynecologic injuries and other kinds of gynecologic symptoms. Have an elevated prevalence of various types of sexually transmitted infections Sexual violence against women  have far-reaching…

Details

PTSD & Family Functioning

Recent Australian research has show that improvements in PTSD symptoms following treatment does not always result in improved family functioning. The study showed that PTSD did not predict family functioning, whereas family functioning predicted PTSD. These results demonstrate how functional domains, particularly family functioning, can have notable impact on the recovery from PTSD. Treatment of…

Details

Mental disorders associated with cardiovascular disease

Individuals with PTSD, depression, and other mental disorders have an increased risk of physical health problems. For example, there is substantial evidence linking depression with cardiovascular disorders, and there is increasing evidence of a similar association for PTSD. The etiology is thought to be multiply-determined, involving behavioral, psychological, and biological processes that combine over time…

Details

Exposure therapy can improve physical health and social functioning

The effects of PTSD extend far beyond its symptoms. PTSD can affect both physical and mental health as well as quality of life in multiple ways. For example, Cognitive Processing Therapy improves physical health and sleep. Prolonged Exposure improves physical health and social functioning. Clients treated with Prolonged Exposure report better social functioning , and…

Details

Treating PTSD

Several short-term psychosocial treatment programs for PTSD have been developed and found useful. The majority of these programs fall within the domain of Cognitive Behavior Therapy. The most studied program is Prolonged Exposure in which patients repeatedly relive their traumatic event and systematically confront trauma-related situations that evoke unrealistic anxiety. Variants of Exposure Therapy have…

Details

What are the symptoms of PTSD?

After exposure to an extremely traumatic experience, some individuals re-experience the traumatic event in recollections, flashbacks, nightmares or after encountering reminders of the event. They may also develop emotional numbing and avoid situations that trigger unpleasant memories. Despite emotional numbing, many individuals with PTSD also have increased arousal or alertness. Re-experiencing the traumatic event. Most…

Details

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders are often the result of trauma. These disorders can include panic, generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive, social phobia and posttraumatic stress. Panic Disorder is characterized by recurrent panic attacks accompanied by four of the following symptoms: palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, lightheaded and a fear of dying. Generalized Anxiety Disorder…

Details