Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders are often the result of trauma. These disorders can include panic, generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive, social phobia and posttraumatic stress. Panic Disorder is characterized by recurrent panic attacks accompanied by four of the following symptoms: palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, lightheaded and a fear of dying. Generalized Anxiety Disorder…


PTSD & Migraines

Recent research has indicated that migraine suferers are more apt to have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than the general population, Therefore the identification and treatment of PTSD in migraine sufferers may be an important part of their care that may reduce migraine-related disability. The study found that PTSD was present in 30.3% of those with chronic daily headache and…


trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder and diminished health status.

A recent study has found a found an association between PTSD severity and health risk as measured by metabolic syndrome (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, waist-to-hip ratio and fasting measures of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, serum triglycerides and plasma glucose concentration), an important established predictor of morbidity and mortality. It is therefore quite possible that…


Women’s responses to sexual violence

In the first 2-3 hours after assault. 1. Physical shak­ing, trembling and shock. 2. Scared, worried, terrified and con­fused. After this initial period. 1. Symptoms of depression, exhaustion and restlessness, together with post traumatic stress disorder.   Medium to long term effects. 1. Heightened fear, anger, anxiety, guilt, self blame, loss of trust, flashbacks and…


Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Linked to Childhood Trauma

Childhood trauma has been shown to be a very important risk factor for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). Recent research has show than exposure to childhood sexual, physical and emotional abuse as well as neglect is associated with a greater than five fold increased risk of developing CFS. Individuals suffering from CFS should be screened for childhood trauma…


Heritability in PTSD, Depression and Anxiety

A recent study of multigenerational family members initially exposed to trauma has suggested that the genetic makeup of some individuals makes them more vulnerable to PTSD, depression and anxiety. This study suggested that around 40% of variation shown in PTSD sufferers was acountable in terms of gentic factors and the balance attributable to nongenetic factors.…


Increased Arousal and PTSD

Recent research has suggested that increased arousal, rapid heart and respiration rates, at the time of trauma may predict subsequent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Elevated heart rate and respiration rate immediately following a traumatic event are shown to be associated  with subsequent PTSD, suggesting a possible starting point for examining the mechanics of this disorder.