In 2005 to 2006 Australians expenditure on the criminal justice system was around $8.5 Billion. In 2006 there were over 200,000 violent crimes in Australia. Physical assaults represent the majority of violent crimes, with an increase of 50% between 1996 to 2006 to over 170,000 physical assaults. Physical assaults are most likely to occur in…Details
There is an organization in Victoria Called People Against Lenient Sentencing (PALS). PALS believe that often the sentence does not fit the crime, particularly in such ases as childhood sexual abuse. PALS aim is to give victims a voice when sentences appear to be blatantly inadequate and inconsistent with social expectations. If you have been a…Details
There is an organization in Victoria called Working Against Culpable Driving (WACD). WACD is a support service run by the family members of individuals who have been tragically killed as the result of culpable driving. Their objective is to both provide support and information to other families during such difficult times. WACD is also working towards…Details
There is an organization in Victoria called the Victims of Crime Advocacy League (VOCAL). VOCAL is comprised of people who themselves have been crime victims and who believe that more needs to be done to address the rights of victims of crime. At present VOCAL is attempting to address a range of issues, including the law relating…Details
Transcranial Magentic Stimulation therapy (rTMS) of the right prefrontal cortex for patients suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been shown to alleviate anxiety symptoms and provided therapeutic effects for PTSD patients. rTMS is an emergenging new treatment which will soon be avialable in Australia.
A recent study has shown that the incidence of bulimic symptoms in adolescence is higher in girls who report childhood sexual abuse before age 16 years, even after adjustment for age, background factors, previous psychiatric morbidity, and dieting behavior. The incidence is 2.5 times higher for 1 episode of abuse vs 4.9 times higher for…Details
Domestically abusive environments damage children in a variety of ways. Always:
1. Tell them it is not their fault.
2. Encourage them to talk about the domestic violence.
3. Work out a safety and exit plan with them.
4. Let then know that they are not alone.
Stalking is a common and disabling crime that often persists for a long time causing the victim and their family extreme distress. In the past have you: 1. Been followed? 2. Had unsolicited correspondences, such as mobile, text or email? 3. Had someone stand outside yor home or workplace? 4. Left unwanted items for you to discover? 5.…Details
Domestic abuse is a significant problem for many people and if not addressed it eventually dominates relationships to the detriment of all concerned. Please answer the following questions honestly: 1. Are you in a relationship with a person who regularly phsically, emotionally or verbally abuses you? 2. Do you feel controlled or isolated from others by your…Details
Going to court may be a very stressful time for victims. Below are a few suggestions that may help: 1. Get used to the court environment by sitting in on other cases. 2. Prepare Victim Impact Statements thoroughly. 3. Be patient as matters do not always preceed promptly. 4. Make contact with the Police Prosecutor…Details
Providing psychological first aid post trauma: 1. Help victims meet their basic needs. 2. Listen to others who wish to share their story. 3. Be compassionate. 4. Provide accurate information about the situation. 5. Help victims stay connected with family and friends. 6. Encourage victims to take control and help thenselves. 7. Help address concerns…Details
At some time in your life you are likely to experience or witness a traumatic event. Those events that involve intense fear, helplessness or horror are more likely to result in a disabling response. Examples of traumatic events are criminal assault, sexual abuse, domestic violence and stalking. Common emotional responses include fear, guilt and anger. Common cognitive responses…Details
People who were abused or neglected as children have increased risk of depression. Childhood physical abuse increases the lifetime risk for depression. Child maltreatment increases the risk for current depression. Adults with a history of childhood sexual abuse report more depression symptoms than people who did not experience such trauma. Abused or neglected individual with depression are also more likely to…Details
Self harming behaviour is a coping mechanism for some individuals when they can no longer deal with stressful situations. For some individuals self harming behaviour serves as a marker for those at increased risk for suicide should self harming behaviour and other coping mechanisms become insufficient.
Women who become victims of sexual assault typically experience the victimization as a traumatic event, perceiving it as an emotional shock. Common reactions to this kind of trauma are:
- Fear of losing control of their lives.
- Re-experiencing the assault in thoughts and dreams.
- Trouble concentrating.
- Feelings of guilt.
- Self-image frequently suffers; many women report feeling “dirty’ and shower frequently in an effort to be clean.
- Sense of sadness, feeling “down”, and depressed.
- It is not unusual to see disruption in relationships with others.
- Loss of interest in sexual relations.
Domestic violence is a crime. Women are at greater risk at home than on the street. Most violence in the home is committed by men. Women and children are most of the victims.
Domestic violence is any behavior which causes physical, sexual or psychological damage or causes someone to live in fear. Physical and sexual violence are the more obvious forms of violence. Rape within marriage is a crime in Victoria. Other forms of violence include making you think you are crazy, locking you in the house, threatening to kill the children, treating you like a servant, and so on. Some have said that these things are just as damaging as physical violence.
If you are in a violent relationship you may feel degraded and alone, afraid to tell anyone, worried about what others will think, afraid that it is your fault, scared that it will get worse if you leave, insecure about your children’s future, frustrated and sad because you have tried everything to change the situation, guilty about leaving, that you have failed as a wife and mother. You are not to blame about the violence. You have a right to be safe. You have the right to live a life free of violence.Details
Every day many mothers face the awful reality of finding out that their children have been sexually abused. Most sexual abuse takes place within homes. In fact, it is usually committed by someone who is trusted by the child.
If the person who has abused your child is your partner, husband or boyfriend, you may experience a mixture of feelings. You will feel shocked, confused, disbelieving, numb, guilty, betrayed, frightened, hurt, a failure as a wife and mother, angry at him for his actions, at yourself for not being able to stop it and at your child for not telling you, worried about the consequences.
In retrospect many women say that they had a ‘gut feeling’ that something was not OK. But sexual abuse is the last thing that most people expect to be happening in their family. It is not your fault that you were not aware of it sooner.Details
Many children who witness domestic violence have been found to have higher levels of behavioral and emotional problems than other children. The impact varies according to their age, sex and role in the family. Some children feel responsible for the violence. They may think they are making things easier for their mother by not saying how they feel, by trying to be quieter, better able to cope.
While most children escape without physical injury they may bear emotional scares which in many cases can last a lifetime.Details
Males are more likely than females to be both perpetrators and targets of bullying. The frequency of bullying is higher among Year 6 to 8 than among Year 9 t0 10 students. Bullying and is associted with behavioral and emotional difficulties as well as the potential of long-term negative outcomes .