A recent study has shown that Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a predictor of suicide. Individuals exposed to trauma, such as a physical assault, and go on to develop PTSD, are up to three times more likely to attempt suicide compared with those individuals who did not develop PTSD. Treatment considerations for those individuals suffering from PTSD should therefore…Details
A recent study showed that women who suffer ongoing physical abuse are almost three times as likely to use hospital emergency departments than women who are not. Those that suffer from emotional abuse also use significantly more health services than those not emotionaly abused, some 33% more. Women whose abuse is ongoing use the most…Details
Children’s response to trauma may differ in important ways to those seen in adults. Children may find it hard to understand what has happened. They may be unable to describe how they are feeling and instead express themselves in other ways. The following behaviours may be seen in children following trauma: 1. Reliving the trauma.…Details
Recent research suggests that sexually abused boys are ten times more likely to contemplate suicide in adulthood, and that childhood abuse is a significant risk factor for suicide in men, which is three to four times more likely than in women. Men also, as opposed to women, are less likely to talk about their feelings,…Details
Childhood trauma has been shown to be a very important risk factor for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). Recent research has show than exposure to childhood sexual, physical and emotional abuse as well as neglect is associated with a greater than five fold increased risk of developing CFS. Individuals suffering from CFS should be screened for childhood trauma…Details
It has been estimated by the World Health Organization that suicide is the eighth leading cause of death. While more women attempt suicide more men die from suicide by a factor of almost 5:1. Risk factors for suicide include domestic violence, low socioeconomic status, low education, unemployment, increasing age and marriage. Women exposed to violent domestic…Details
Victims of Crime Counselling Services is attempting to promote a Say No to Criminal Violence Day on the 21st of August of each year. In order to achieve this objective we need support from the public and the media. If you would like to be involved in the promotion and organization of this day kindly…Details
Post trauma some people go onto to develop certain worldviews including the following: 1. The world is very dangerous. 2. I have no control over situations. 3. I am responsible for what has happened. Cognitive Therapy aims to modify cognitive distortions arising post trauma thereby reducing the intensity of the associated emotional reaction. It is…Details
A recent study of multigenerational family members initially exposed to trauma has suggested that the genetic makeup of some individuals makes them more vulnerable to PTSD, depression and anxiety. This study suggested that around 40% of variation shown in PTSD sufferers was acountable in terms of gentic factors and the balance attributable to nongenetic factors.…Details
Recent research has suggested that increased arousal, rapid heart and respiration rates, at the time of trauma may predict subsequent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Elevated heart rate and respiration rate immediately following a traumatic event are shown to be associated with subsequent PTSD, suggesting a possible starting point for examining the mechanics of this disorder.
Bereavement is often seen as distict from depression and subsequently not warranting the same concern for treatment. In fact there is little distinction in the depression that occurs as the result of death or as the result of other negative life events. Treatment considerations should be based on such factors as the duration and intensity…Details
Victims of crime who do not have a trauma or psychiatric history and who have a good support system and reasonable life circumstances and are motivated for treatment are those most likely to benefit from Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. When victims present with co-morbid conditions, such as depression and substance abuse issues, treatments for PTSD will need to…Details
Approximately 10% of all children in developed countries are victims of abuse. The impact of such abuse is often long lasting with victims often adopting criminal and addictive behaviours in later life. Only about half of all suspected child abuse is currently being reported to authorities. If you are aware that a child is being abuse…Details
Mental health outcomes following serious trauma may be influenced by a strong ‘sense of purpose’ by the victim. If a victim has a sense of a higher purpose in life, and has a sense of control over their life, their chances of recovery post trauma may be enhanced. Individuals who show resilence, adaptation to disruptions…Details
50% of heart failure patients are depressed during the history of their disease.
Patients with Cardiac Defibrillators are twice as likely to die within 5 years if they also suffer from Posttaumatic Stress Disorder.
Both Clinical Depression and Posttraumatic Stree should be considered in the treatment of patients with heart disease.
How one deals with trauma, namely expectations of helplessness or control, may determine to a great extent how much one is impaired by the traumatic event. Post trauma do not only focus on the negative aspects of the incident, but look at your reslience, what you have learnt and how you can use this experience to…Details
In a recent study over 30% of trauma victims reported sexual dysfuntion one year post injury, with those suffering the most severe injuries reporting the greatest risk for sexual dysfunction. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression were shown to be very prevalent within patients displaying more dysfunctional behaviour. In managing sexual dysfunction within trauma victims it may therefore be…Details
There are two main components of Trauma-Specific Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Cognitive Restructuring and Exposure Therapy. Cognitive Restructuring helps victims to re-evaluate traumatic events. Exposure Therapy helps victims to habituate to the trauma cues. Children’s treatment sessions involve psychoeducation, affect awareness and regulation, coping skills, exposure therapy and planning for future safety. For more information contact…Details
A recent study found that up to 15% of children can experience PTSD and that this condition does not always resolve spontaneously. PTSD is less obvious in children than in adults as it is more internalized and subtle. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is seen as the most appropriate form of treatment for young children. For more information…Details
It is estimated that up to 100,000 people were involved in the aftermath of the World Trade Centre terrorist attacks. Of these it was estimated that 11% met criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, 9% for Depression, 5% for Panic Disorder and 62% for substantial stress reaction. Functional impairment in occupational, social and family life as…Details