August 9, 2007 — Bullying and victimization during early school years may identify boys at risk for psychiatric disorders in early adulthood, according to the results of a study reported in the August issue of Pediatrics.”There have been no longitudinal cohort studies that examined the psychiatric outcomes in late adolescence or early adulthood of children who bully or are victimized in childhood,” write Andre Sourander, MD, from Turku University in Finland, and colleagues. “Generally, our knowledge of the continuities and discontinuities of childhood problems to early adulthood was based on a limited number of study cohorts.Details
VICTIMS OF CRIME COMPENSATION
Victims of Crime in Victoria Australia receive Government funded financial compensation to assist with recovery.
Financial assistance to a primary victim of crime in Victoria can be up to $70,000*.
For help complete Online Enquiry Form
HELPLINE: 1800 000 055
Victims of Crime Compensation and Counselling Services (VOCCS) is a private entity providing referal services to experienced solicitors & psychologists specializing in crime compensation. VOCCS helps facilitate state government funded entitlements to victims of crime & has been doing so for over 15 years & has successfully assisted in over 10,000 crime compensation applications in Melbourne Victoria & Australia.
* The maximum total financial assistance awarded by the Victims of Crime Assistance Tribunal, VOCAT, in Victoria is $60,000 to a primary victim & $50,000 to a secondary or related victim. The amount of Special Financial Assistance awarded is up to $10,000.00. The maximum cumulative amount available to all related victims in respect of one death is $100,000.00.
CRIME COMPENSATION: FREECALL 1800 000 055
VICTIMS OF CRIME – ASSISTANCE ELIGIBILITY:
Victims of Crime in Melbourne & Victoria may be eligible for State Government Funded Crime Compensation Assistance if:
- You are the victim and have been directly injured as the result of a violent crime.
- You have suffered either a physical or a psychological injury.
- The crime was reported to the police and you made a police statement.
- The crime was committed in the last two years in Victoria, Australia**.
- You are related to a victim of crime.
Crime that has impacted victims may include physical assault, domestic violence, family violence, domestic abuse, sexual abuse, sexual assault, rape, armed robbery, violent robbery, aggravated burglary, child abuse, child sexual abuse, indecent assault, home invasion, stalking, threats to kill, workplace assault, manslaughter, murder, culpable driving, dangerous driving, road rage, breach of Intervention Order, threat to harm, bullying, conduct endangering life or any other violent crime committed against a person. Matters such as childhood sexual abuse and domestic violence may in certain circumstances have occurred beyond two years.**
The offender does not need to be apprehended or charged or convicted in order for crime victims to apply for Compensation. Applications for Crime Compensation can also be made over the phone or by post if a victim is unable to travel. Victims of Crime Compensation & Counselling Services refers to solicitors and other service providers in Victoria & other states experienced in working with victims to guide them through the legal process in order to ensure they access all their crime compensation entitlements. Supporting victims to financially and emotionally recover from the effects of violent crime in Melbourne Victoria Australia.
Research suggests that women who have suffered child abuse may be predisposed to a potentially debilitating combination of migraine accompanied by depression. It was found women with migraines and who were diagnosed with major depression were twice as likely as those with migraine alone to report having been sexually abused as a child. Furthermore, if…Details
Trauma is a sudden and threatening event for children, as it is for adults. Trauma disturbs basic assumptions that children have about the world, namely, that the world is a safe and controllable place. Often, among children, reactions to trauma are quite intense since they may feel helpless and often do not understand what is going on around them. Trauma also upsets the delicate balance of parent-child relationships; the child’s confidence that his parent will always be able to protect him may be disturbed, and the parent’s sense of his role as protector may be severely undermined.Details
Women who have experienced abuse in childhood or as adults are far more likely than are other women to develop common illnesses, according to results of a Swedish study. “The manifestations and forms of violence vary in different settings, and virtually wherever this issue has been researched an under-recognized burden has been unveiled,” according to Dr. Gunilla Krantz from the Nordic School of Public Health in Goteborg and Dr. Per-Olof Ostergren from Malmo University Hospital in Sweden.Details
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) commonly co-occurs with other psychiatric disorders. Data from epidemiologic surveys indicate that the vast majority of individuals with PTSD meet criteria for at least one other psychiatric disorder, and a substantial percentage have 3 or more other psychiatric diagnoses. A number of different hypothetical constructs have been posited to explain this high comorbidity; for example, the self-medication hypothesis has often been applied to understand the relationship between PTSD and substance use disorders.Details
The fourth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) defines posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a reaction to an event, either personally experienced or witnessed, that involves actual or threatened death or serious injury or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others.
As well, the response to the traumatic event must involve intense fear, helplessness, or horror.Details