Several short-term psychosocial treatment programs for PTSD have been developed and found useful. The majority of these programs fall within the domain of Cognitive Behavior Therapy.
The most studied program is Prolonged Exposure in which patients repeatedly relive their traumatic event and systematically confront trauma-related situations that evoke unrealistic anxiety. Variants of Exposure Therapy have been found highly successful in ameliorating the severity of PTSD and related symptoms.
Anxiety management programs, which consist of teaching patients a variety of skills for controlling their anxiety, have been found helpful with suffers.
Also effective are cognitive therapy programs, which teach patients to identify and dispute their dysfunctional cognition.